Gottfried Schenker

  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail Adria Palace
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail Cemetary at Heiligenstaedter Friedhof
  • Gottfried Schenker

    Gottfried Schenker

    Inventor of groupage transport by rail Cemetary at Heiligenstaedter Friedhof

Gottfried Schenker: inventor of groupage transport by rail

Schenker is seen as the "inventor of "groupage transport". He was the first person to have the idea of pooling small consignments to create a larger transport unit and to then rapidly transport the goods over long distances at low cost using multiple modes of transport. With this innovation, he laid the foundation for international groupage transports by rail, paving the way for the creation of one of the most successful and important logistics services providers, namely the Schenker freight forwarding company. Gottfried Schenker was posthumously inducted into the Logistics Hall of Fame in 2010 in recognition of this pioneering achievement.

Field logistics services, transport logistics
Born  February 14, 1842 in Däniken near Olten, Switzerland
Died  November 26, 1901 in Vienna, Austria
Induction into the Logistics Hall of Fame December 1, 2010, Austrian Museum for Applied Arts (MAK), Vienna, Austria

 

  • Vita

    1842 Born on February 14 in Däniken near Olten in Switzerland

    1861 Student of Law in Heidelberg

    1865 Civil servant working for the Schweizerische Centralbahn rail company

    1866 Moves to F. Braff & Eckert, the agency of the French Eastern Railway

    1867 Head of the Braff & Eckert office in Vienna

    1868 Head of the Vienna agency of Hamburg-based freight forwarder Elkan & Co.

    1869 Briefly self-employed

    1871 Specialist for freight rates at the Spedition Rappaport & Kann freight forwarding company

    1872 Founding of the Spedition Schenker & Co. freight forwarder in Vienna, together with Moritz Karpeles (1834 – 1903) and Moritz Hirsch (1839 – 1906), the owners of Spedition Karpeles & Hirsch; Karpeles & Hirsch was later merged with Schenker

    1873 Introduction of the first groupage transports on the Vienna-Paris route

    From 1874 Creation of the branches in Budapest, Trieste, Prague, Belgrade, Sofia, Saloniki and Constantinople

    1880 Investment in the Adria Dampfschifffahrts-Gesellschaft steamship company

    1895 Founds the Austro-Americana Shipping Company

    1901 Gottfried Schenker dies on November 26 in Vienna and is buried in the Heiligenstädter Friedhof cemetery in Vienna – he is succeeded by his adoptive son Dr. August Schenker-Angerer; Schenker has 32 subsidiaries in 13 European countries and 1,000 employees

    2010 Induction into the Logistics Hall of Fame

  • Merits

    • Gottfried Schenker came from a big family (he had 10 siblings), and his father was a locksmith. He acquired a university entrance qualification at the cantonal school in the Austrian town of Aarau. In 1861, he began studying Law in Heidelberg, but left the university in 1865 when his father's locksmith business went bankrupt. First he worked as a journalist in Heidelberg and later for various freight transport operators.
    • At the dawn of the railway age, Schenker saw great opportunities for East-West transport and moved to Vienna, where he set up the Spedition Schenker freight transport business with two partners in 1872. 
    • His most important entrepreneurial achievement was the development of international groupage traffic. This paved the way for a new, competitively priced and fast transport system that exploited the strengths of rail, road and the waterways. While the transports themselves were mainly by rail, collection from the point of origin and delivery to the end customer were still carried out by horse-drawn vehicles. By this time, Schenker was already transporting bulk consignments on the Danube.
    • In 1873, Schenker was the first operator to introduce groupage transports on the Paris – Vienna route. The consignments included champagne, cognac, Bordeaux wines, fashion articles and other luxury products for Vienna society. Later, the groupage freight also included iron goods, machines and textiles from England and Germany.
    • Schenker introduced an innovation to simplify the confusing maze of freight rates at the time: he was the first forwarder to offer a fixed freight rate for general cargo of all kinds based on the goods classification and the destination.
    • The network of Schenker branches grew rapidly, the first branch being opened in Budapest 1874 – followed by Prague, Belgrade and Istanbul and a further 32 branches in 13 European countries during his lifetime. At the end of the 19th century, Schenker was the only company that could offer costed front-to-end rates from London to Istanbul. "From door to door in one hand" – it was this success formula that turned Schenker into the market leader.

Photos: DB AG, Schenker

Sponsors

  • ADAC Truckservice
  • Arbeitsgemeinschaft Logistik-Initiativen Deutschlands
  • BLG LOGISTICS
  • Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur
  • Bundesverband Güterkraftverkehr Logistik und Entsorgung
  • Bundesverband Materialwirtschaft, Einkauf und Logistik
  • Bundesverband Spedition und Logistik e. V. (DSLV)
  • Bundesverband Wirtschaft, Verkehr und Logistik
  • Bundesvereinigung Logistik
  • BUSINESS+LOGISTIC
  • CHEP
  • Deutsches Verkehrsforum
  • European Pallet Association e.V. (EPAL)
  • GARBE Industrial Real Estate
  • Gebr. Heinemann SE & Co. KG
  • Gebrüder Weiss
  • German Association of the Automotive Industry
  • German Parcel and Express Association (BIEK)
  • Group7
  • Hafen Duisburg AG
  • Humbaur
  • impact media projects
  • International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
  • International Road Transport Union
  • Kögel Trailer
  • KRAVAG-LOGISTIC
  • Lebensmittel Zeitung
  • Logistics Alliance Germany
  • LOGISTIK-Kurier
  • Logistische Informationssysteme AG
  • LT-manager
  • LTG Landauer Transport- gesellschaft Doll
  • PANATTONI
  • PSI Logistics
  • PTV Group
  • Schnellecke Logistics
  • Seifert Logistics Group (SLG)
  • STILL
  • TGW Logistics Group
  • trans aktuell
  • TRATON (Donator)